Education, Diversity, and Future Therapies

On Demand Session On Demand Session

With advancements in neuromodulation, in particular on novel waveforms and mechanisms of action, it is becoming evident that the application of electrical current within the spine may have local physiologic and pharmacologic effects. As such, several non-neurologic applications of neuromodulation are emerging. This session will discuss and emphasize possible applications of neuromodulation on chronic ongoing conditions such as diabetes, limb ischemia, and angina.

Learning Objectives

  • Explain the effects of neuromodulation on the diabetes vascular changes and its improved outcomes on limb salvage.
  • Discuss indications of neuromodulation for the treatment of angina pectoris and heart failure.


Beyond Pain: Effects of Neuromodulation on Physiologic Vascular Changes and Limb Salvage in Diabetes Mellitus

Magdalena M Anitescu, MD PhD

Better Than the Pacemaker: Neuromodulation in Anginal Episodes, Heart Failure, and Ventricular Storms

Kalyanam Shivkumar, MD PhD