Multiple lines of evidence suggest that neurostimulation approaches can be employed to modulate non-neuronal pathways. This session will cover the latest research characterizing the effects of neurostimulation on vascular tone, glial activity, immune function, and other homeostatic mechanisms.
Upon completion of this educational activity, participants should be able to:
- Review the influence of SCS on spinal cord vascular tone.
- Explain how neurostimulation can modulate immune pathways and inflammation.
- Discuss SCS effects on glia function.
- Describe the contribution of off-target effects of neurostimulation therapies.
SCS Effects on Spinal Vascular Tone
Igor A. Lavrov, MD PhD
Differential effects of different types of Wavesforms
SCS Effects on Glia
David L. Cedeno, PhD
SCS: Neurostimulation and Heating of Adjacent Tissues
Marom Bikson, PhD
Faculty and Presentations subject to change.