Brain injury has numerous sequelae, including disorders of consciousness, impairments in memory, post-traumatic stress, and other psychological changes. These changes have significant impact not only on the individual, but also on society. Numerous advances have been made in several areas to treat the effects of brain injury, using both invasive and non-invasive stimulation. In this session, we will survey the different modalities (electrical and ultrasound) used to treat the effects of brain injury, including both clinical evidence and the scientific theories underlying and motivating these approaches.
Upon completion of this educational activity, participants should be able to:
- Describe the outcomes and current state of neuromodulation for consciousness.
- Identify the brain targets used for treating distinct sequelae of brain injury, including disorders of consciousness, memory impairment, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Discuss the strategies used to develop new paradigms for brain stimulation to enhance memory after brain injury.
- Outline the specific challenges posed by developing therapies in patients with brain injury.
Brain Stimulation for Disorders of Consciousness: From Theory to Application
Focused Ultrasound for Treatment of Disorders of Consciousness
Martin Monti, PhD
Invasive Brain Stimulation to Enhance Memory
Ashwini D. Sharan, MD
Todd Sitzman, MD MPH
Faculty subject to change.