Though reserved for refractory patients, brain neuromodulation is an option for chronic pain. With new technologies, both invasive and noninvasive therapies are revisited.
Upon completion of this educational activity, participants should be able to:
- Discuss how different components of pain processing may be modulated.
- Explain how new technologies for deep brain stimulation and motor cortex stimulation may warrant revisiting efficacy.
- Describe cutting-edge research in transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of chronic pain.