An ever-expanding understanding of neural pathways is what continues to allow for the development, implementation, and enhancement of neuromodulatory therapies. This plenary session will explore how an understanding of neural pathways continues to allow us to implement and enhance neuromodulatory therapies in an accurate and safe manner.
Upon completion of this educational activity, participants should be able to:
- Explain the evidence suggesting that intraoperative monitoring should be the standard of care in SCS implantation.
- Describe the neural mechanism that underlies the placebo effect.
- Discuss spinal cord stimulation for spinal cord injury.